According to a World Justice Project (WJP) survey conducted by Gallup, Pakistan ranks at 116th among 128 countries surveyed on the Absence of Corruption Index.
As per the report, the survey results are based on Factor 2 of the WJP Rule of Law Index which measures the absence of corruption in government.
The factor considers three forms of corruption:
- Improper influence by public or private interests
- Misappropriation of public funds or other resources
These three forms of corruption were examined with respect to government officers in the executive branch, the judiciary, the military, police, and the legislature.
In 2020, Pakistan slipped by four positions down to 116th place with a score of 0.31 as compared to 112th place with a score of 0.32 in 2019.
Within the sub-factors, Pakistan ranks at 101st out of 128 in terms of executive branches not using office for personal gains, while Pakistan holds 122nd position in terms of officials in police and military not using office for personal gains.
The study was released by the World Justice Project and carried out by Gallup & Gilani Pakistan, the Pakistani affiliate of Gallup International. The country scores and rankings presented in this report were built from over 500 variables drawn from the assessment of more than 130,000 households and 4,000 legal practitioners and experts across 128 countries and jurisdictions.
The study in Pakistan was carried out during 2019 among a sample of 1,000 men and women in urban and rural areas of four provinces of the country.
According to the report, Pakistan’s position has significantly dropped down in three major factors which are Constraints on Government Powers, Absence of Corruption, and Open Government. Pakistan’s ranking in the Constraints on Government Powers factor has been recorded on 79th place in 2020 whereas in 2019, Pakistan was on 74th position in the global ranking.
The country also faced a major decline in the ranking of Open Government factor where it is now placed on 91st position in 2020 as compared to 83rd position in 2019. However, Pakistan has improved and retained its ranking and scores in some factors including Regulatory Enforcement and Civil Justice.
The World Justice Project’s report highlights that more countries declined in overall rule of law performance for the third year in a row, continuing a negative slide towards weakening and stagnating rule of law.
The majority of countries showing deteriorating rule of law in the 2020 index also declined in the previous year, demonstrating a persistent downward trend. This was particularly apparent in Constraints on Government Powers. The decline was widespread and seen in all corners of the world.
In every region, a majority of countries declined or remained unchanged in their overall rule of law performance since the 2019 WJP Rule of Law Index.